measurements of cooking, abbreviations for cooking measurements, cooking measurements abbreviations

Measurements of cooking

Recipes from different parts of the world use different measurements of cooking and you should also be aware that standard measuring utensils vary greatly.
Precise measurements and knowing the correct cooking measurements abbreviations can be vital to cooking and more so baking success.

Australia use metrics as the standard for measuring, some of the measuring utensils also differ.
For example an Aussie tablespoon is 20 ml while a New Zealand one is 15 ml.

We hope the information below helps you with your recipes.
This page is a guide to those that are most commonly used in cooking.

Abbreviations For Cooking Measurements

Although some recipes spell out measurements, a lot of recipes use abbreviations.

For example, the tablespoon and teaspoon abbreviation may look very similar and can be mistaken for one another:

A lowercase t can stand for teaspoon an uppercase T can stand for tablespoon
Adding a tablespoon (T) of pepper when the recipe only requires a teaspoon (t) can spell disaster!

Find the abbreviations for cooking measurements below:

Cooking Abbreviation(s)
Unit of Measurement
C, c
Cup
kg
kilogram
L, l
litre
lb
pound
mL, ml
millilitre
oz
ounce
pt
pint
t, tsp
teaspoon
dstspn, dss
dessert spoon
T, TB, Tbl, Tbsp
tablespoon

Solid Measures Conversion Chart

Conversion chart for metric to imperial solid measures.

Metric
Imperial
20g
¾ oz
60g
2 oz
125g
4 oz
180g
6 oz
250g
8 oz
500g
16 oz (1 lb)
1kg
32 oz (2 lb)

Tablespoons & Teaspoons in Millilitres

The table below gives the equivalent in millilitres (ml) for tablespoons, dessertspoons and teaspoons
(results are given to 2 decimal places).

Country
Teaspoon
Dessertspoon
Tablespoon
Australia
5ml
10ml
20ml
New Zealand
5ml
10ml
15ml
Canada
5ml
10ml
15ml
UK & Ireland
5ml
10ml
15ml
USA
4.93ml
n/a
14.79ml

Volume Measures

This table shows the conversions of cups to metric and imperial measurements.

Cup
Metric
Imperial
¼ cup
60ml
2 fl oz
⅓ cup
80 ml
2½ fl oz
½ cup
125ml
4 fl oz
⅔ cup
160ml
5 fl oz
¾ cup
180ml
6 fl oz
1 cup
250ml
8 fl oz
2 cups
500ml
16 fl oz (1 American pint)
2½ cups
625ml
20 fl oz (1 imperial pint)
4 cups
1 litre
32 fl oz

Oven Temperature Conversions

Temperature conversions for celsius, Fahrenheit and gas mark.

Description
Celsius
Fahrenheit
Gas Mark
Very slow / very cool
110℃
225℉
¼
Very slow / very cool
130℃
250℉
½
Slow / cool
140℃
275℉
1
Slow / cool
150℃
300℉
2
Moderate
170℃
325℉
3
Moderate
180℃
350℉
4
Moderately hot
190℃
375℉
5
Moderately hot
200℃
400℉
6
Hot
220℃
425℉
7
Hot
230℃
450℉
8
Very hot
240℃
475℉
9
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