Measurements of cooking
Recipes from different parts of the world use different measurements of cooking and you should also be aware that standard measuring utensils vary greatly.
Precise measurements and knowing the correct cooking measurements and abbreviations can be vital to cooking and more so baking success.
You’ve got tablespoons and cups and then there’s fluid ounces.
Then there’s recipes that use metric cooking measurements but you only understand U.S. standard measurements.
I’m going to explain about basic cooking measurements, converting metric to imperial and understanding cooking measurement equivalents.
Cooking Measurements Abbreviations
Although some recipes spell out measurements, a lot of recipes use abbreviations.
For example, the tablespoon and teaspoon abbreviation may look very similar and can be mistaken for one another:
A lowercase t can stand for teaspoon an uppercase T can stand for tablespoon.
Getting your teaspoon and tablespoon abbreviations muddled up, by adding a tablespoon (T) of pepper when the recipe only requires a teaspoon (t) can spell disaster!
So when you’re following a recipe, it’s pretty important to understand those cooking abbreviations.
Many recipes (including the recipes on goodfoodtoeat.com) will use shorthand when writing out recipes, and if you don’t know what they mean, you could end up making a few mistakes.
Standard Metric and Imperial Measurement Abbreviations
- C, c = Cup
- kg, Kg = kilogram
- L, l = litre
- lb = pound
- mL, ml = millilitre
- oz = ounce
- pt = pint
- t, tsp = teaspoon
- dstspn, dss = dessert spoon
- T, TB, Tbl, Tbsp = tablespoon
Dry ingredients and liquid ingredients should be treated differently when measuring.
Measuring cups and spoon sets are generally intended for dry ingredients, while liquid measuring cups are intended for liquid ingredients.
Using the right measuring tools will ensure exact measurements.
Measuring Dry Ingredients
In recipes, quantities of ingredients may be specified by mass, commonly called weight by volume,
When measuring dry ingredients, you should fill the cup to the brim, and then using the back of a knife, scrape the excess off the top to get the most accurate amount.
This table shows the conversions of metric to imperial measurements for dry or solid ingredients.
- 10g = ¼ oz
- 15g = ½ oz
- 30g = 1oz
- 60g = 2oz
- 90g = 3oz
- 125g = 4oz (¼ lb)
- 155g = 5oz
- 185g = 6oz
- 220g = 7oz
- 250g = 8oz (½ lb)
- 280g = 9oz
- 315g = 10oz
- 345g = 11oz
- 375g = 12oz (¾ lb)
- 410g = 13oz
- 440g = 14oz
- 470g = 15oz
- 500g (½ kg) = 16 oz (1 lb)
- 750g = 24oz (1 ½ lb)
- 1kg = 32oz (2 lb)
- 1.5kg = 48oz (3 lb)
- 2kg = 64oz (4 lb)
Liquid Volume Measures
While you will get a more exact liquid measurement with the liquid measuring cup, when a recipe calls for small amounts of liquid, sometimes you will need to use measuring spoons instead.
You need to use a measuring jug for liquid ingredients.
When measuring liquids, place the jug onto a flat surface and bend down to check at eye level.
This table shows the conversions of cups to metric and imperial measurements.
Liquid Measurements Conversion Chart
This table shows the conversions of cups to metric and imperial liquid measurements.
- ¼ cup = 60ml = 2 fl oz
- ⅓ cup = 80ml = 2½ fl oz
- ½ cup = 125ml = 4 fl oz
- ⅔ cup = 160ml = 5 fl oz
- ¾ cup = 180ml = 6 fl oz
- 1 cup = 250 ml = 8 fl oz
- 2 cups = 500ml = 16 fl oz (1 American pint)
- 2½ cups = 625ml = 20 fl oz (1 imperial pint)
- 4 cups = 1 litre = 32 fl oz
Tablespoons & Teaspoons in Millilitres
Your spoons can be used for measuring both dry and wet ingredients.
The table below gives the equivalent in millilitres (ml) from teaspoon to tablespoon.
Convert between teaspoons and millilitres (tsp and mL) using this conversion table.
Find how many millilitres there are in a teaspoon.
- ¼ teaspoon = 1.25ml
- ½ teaspoon = 2.5ml
- 1 teaspoon = 5ml
- 2 teaspoons = 10ml
- 1 tablespoon = 20ml
Cups to Millilitres
The table below gives the equivalent in cups and millilitres (ml).
Convert from cups to and millilitres (cups and mL) using this conversion table.
- ¼ cup = 60ml
- ⅓ cup = 80ml
- ½ cup = 125ml
- ¾ cup = 177 ml
- 1 cup = 250ml
So you are following a recipe and come across terms such as: cool oven, very slow oven, slow oven, moderate oven, hot oven, fast oven.
So what do they mean?
The oven temperatures are set to control the effects of baking in an oven for various lengths of time.
If using a fan-forced oven, your cooking time may be a little quicker, so start checking your food a little earlier
Oven Temperature Abbreviations
- °C, C = celsius, formerly known as centigrade
- °F, F = fahrenheit
- Mk, Gas = gas mark
- Th = thermostat (French gas mark)
- Stufe = gasherd stufe (German gas mark)
Oven Temperature Conversions
Temperature conversions for celsius, fahrenheit and gas mark.
- Very slow / very cool = 110℃ = 225℉ = Mk ¼
- Very slow / very cool = 130℃ = 250℉ = Mk ½
- Slow / cool = 140℃ = 275℉ = Mk 1
- Slow / cool = 150℃ = 300℉ = Mk 2
- Moderate = 170℃ = 325℉ = Mk 3
- Moderate = 180℃ = 350℉ = Mk 4
- Moderately hot = 190℃ = 375℉ = Mk 5
- Moderately hot = 200℃ = 400℉ = Mk 6
- Hot = 220℃ = 425℉ = Mk 7
- Hot = 230℃ = 450℉ = Mk 8
- Very hot = 240℃ = 475℉ = Mk 9